عنوان مقاله [English]
Purpose: Given that Islamic teachings can always be considered as the best options for objectifying a progressive civilization that involves human happiness and in this regard the knowledge of jurisprudence has a special place; therefore the purpose of this article is to understand the nature of civilization-building jurisprudence as well as to explain its place and to try to explain its components from the perspective of the Supreme Leader of the Islamic Revolution who practically administer and take measures of the Islamic Society. Therefore, the present article, by delaying the statements of the supreme leader and studying his works, seeks to extract the axes of civilized jurisprudence in his head.
Methodology: The present research is of a fundamental type and the method used in it is descriptive-analytical. The data collection was done in a library way, and the authors, after explaining the main concept of the discussion, explained and identified the existing documents related to the topic of the article and then analyzed the evidence.
Findings: The axes of civilized jurisprudence in the statements of the supreme leader can be examined in five axes: 1- to address the rights of non-Muslim citizens, including the equality of the diyah of the people of the book with the diyah of Muslims. 2-to address the rights of religious minorities, including the sanctity of insulting the sanctities of the Sunnis. 3-attention to the element of time and place in the process of ijtihad. 4-the need to create additional jurisprudence, which is considered among the necessities of civilized jurisprudence. 5-harnessing the capacities of governmental jurisprudence in the direction of civilized jurisprudence.
Conclusion: Civilized jurisprudence is a holistic approach to jurisprudence and Sharia and is appropriate to the requirements of modern life and the developments of human life. In this context, the supreme leader believes that the new Islamic Civilization means Strategic Development and progress in all aspects of Muslim life. In his view, the goal and philosophy of civilized jurisprudence is to create psychological peace for the Islamic Society, which will also be accompanied by the development of scientific and material manifestations; so if religion is concerned with globalization and intends to give a plan for humanity towards a higher life, it must take the civilization process based on the assumption of the community of religion.