نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی
1 استادیار الهیات و معارف اسلامی، دانشکدهی علوم انسانی، دانشگاه تربیت دبیر شهید رجایی، تهران، جمهوری اسلامی ایران
2 استادیار علوم قرآن و حدیث، دانشکدهی ادبیات و علوم انسانی، دانشگاه ولیعصر (عج) رفسنجان، کرمان، جمهوری اسلامی ایران.
عنوان مقاله [English]
Seyyed Qutb (1966-1906)'s idea to create an Islamic society and civilization is associated with challenges, the nature of whichs is the subject of this research. The method of data collection in this study is a documentary study and the information has been reviewed and critiqued by the method of "description and analysis". Based on the findings of this study, Seyyed Qutb's civilization thought is based on two pillars: 1) the division of societies into Islamic and ignorant and the denial of the existence of an actual Islamic society, and 2) the development of the concept of monotheism to monotheism in the rule and implementation of Sharia. Accordingly, he believes that spiritual excellence is sufficient to create an Islamic society and that there is no need for material progress. But this view faces serious challenges. Including: First: calling all existing societies ignorant and uncivilized is against justice and historical facts and causes conflict. Secondly, making monotheism conditional on the application of the Shari'a is contrary to the teachings of the Prophet (PBUH) and is unprecedented in the Islamic tradition, which in the end will be nothing but takfir and war with all Muslims and non-Muslims.Third: The denial of the necessity of material progress for the Islamic society is also due to his dual thinking towards Western civilization, which on the one hand attacks Western civilization and on the other hand, allows the indiscriminate acceptance of Western experimental sciences.